First-class Fire Safety
The consequences of fire breaking out and spreading are of serious concern for building occupants everywhere.
Active fire protection measures such as detection, alarm, and sprinkler systems are essential to detect and initially suppress the spread of fire when it starts. Passive fire protection is built into the superstructure of a building and helps contain and prevent the spread of fire and associated damage, while the use of appropriate interior construction materials and compartmentation enable people to safely evacuate the building and allow firefighting measures to commence as effectively and safely as possible.
Time is of the essence in fire emergencies.
Taking precautions at a building’s superstructure level minimises the risk to its occupants, especially in larger premises where people may have to remain for some time while evacuation takes place. It also lessens the danger facing those firefighters engaged in extinguishing the fire and searching for anyone trapped by it.
The premature failure of a structure can be prevented by the provision for loadbearing elements to have a minimum period of fire resistance before they are compromised.
Fire Resistant Materials
The choice of material for constructing walls, floors and ceilings can significantly affect the spread of fire and its rate of growth, even though they are not likely to be the first things which ignite.
The specification of linings is particularly important in circulation spaces, where internal surfaces may provide the main means by which fire spreads, and where rapid spread is most likely to prevent occupants from escaping the area.
The two properties of lining materials which influence fire spread are the rate of flame spread over the surface when it is subject to intense radiant heating, and the rate at which the lining material gives off heat when burning. Our gypsum-based linings provide good fire protection due to the unique behaviour of this raw material in fire situations.
The escalation of a fire within a building can be restricted by sub-dividing it into compartments, separated from one another by walls and / or floors made with fire resistant properties.
The rationale is to prevent the rapid spread of fire and the entrapment of building occupants, and to reduce the likelihood of fires getting out of control and greatly endangering the occupants as well as fire service personnel and people in the vicinity.
The appropriate degree of subdivision depends on the use and fire loading of the building and the height to the floor of the top storey in the building, which affect the potential for fires and their severity as well as the ease of evacuation and the ability of the fire services to intervene effectively.
Fire Safe Stamp of Approval
At Saint-Gobain, we pride ourselves on delivering fire safe buildings using modern methods of construction.
Our fire protection range of solutions provides guaranteed performance that is substantiated by tests or official assessment by authoritative bodies. We provide expert guidance and detailing at the design stage to ensure that optimum fire protection performance is achieved.